A firearm is a sport and law enforcement tool capable of injuring and killing. It is a precision instrument designed to function reliably with proper care and knowledgeable use. If you do not have full knowledge of the power and function of firearms, we recommend that you seek proper training



Before using any firearm, muzzleloading or cartridge guns, we ask you to read carefully these guidelines, and to get thoroughly familiar with the operation of the specific gun.


A firearm is a sport and law enforcement tool capable of injuring and killing. It is a precision instrument designed to function reliably with proper care and knowledgeable use. If you do not have full knowledge of the power and function of firearms, we recommend that you seek proper training. Careless and improper handling of guns could result in unintended discharge causing injury, death or property damage. Safety must be the first and constant consideration when handling a firearm and ammunition. Various safety features have been incorporated into each firearm but relying on mechanical features alone is, at most, only half safe. Mechanical safety devices are not failsafe, but more importantly the safe use of any mechanical instrument is dependent upon intelligent use.

Accidents do not "just happen" but occur as the result of human behavior, thoughtless acts jeopardize the wellbeing of the user and those around him or her.

Insure the safe use of firearms by following these guidelines.



Bloomfield American Corp and Jedediah Starr Trading Co. shall not be responsible for product malfunction or for physical injury, death, or property damage from the gun’s intentional or accidental discharge, its criminal or negligent use, improper or careless handling, unauthorized modifications or alterations, corrosion or other failure to maintain, use of defective, improper, hand-loaded or reloaded ammunition, or other then original, good condition, high quality, commercially manufactured ammunition, from its use for purposes or subjection to treatment for which it was not designed.

While all of the firearms we sell was tested, carefully inspected, and packaged before it left the factory, Bloomfield American Corp and Jedediah Starr Trading Co. cannot thereafter control product handling. Please be sure to examine this firearm carefully when purchase to ensure it is unloaded and undamaged. Your local gunsmith will assist you in making this examination and answer any further questions in this regard.


• Before shooting, learn this gun’s mechanical and handling characteristics, and read and be thoroughly familiar with the safety instruction manuel. If you do not fully understand any of the instructions in this manual, consult a competent firearms instructor through your local gun club or you can contact the manufacturer directly.

• Always point the gun in a safe direction, and handle it as though it were loaded. This is especially important when loading and unloading the gun, and when handing it to someone else. Never take someone’s word it is unloaded, but always check it yourself with your fingers off the trigger and the gun pointed in a safe direction.

• If your firearm is shipped disassembled, read instructions and totally understand proper assembly before proceeding.

• Place your finger inside the trigger guard only when you are ready to fire.

• Do not make any modifications or adjustments to your firearm, which will affect the safe and normal function of the gun.

• When purchasing accessories such as leather or when adding accessories such as grips or sights, be sure they are compatible with the firearm and do not interfere with safe operation.

• While at a shooting range, always carry the gun unloaded and open until preparing to shoot. Keep it pointing towards the backstop when loading, shooting and unloading.

• If you must carry a loaded gun, always carry it with the muzzle pointing in a safe direction and with the safety in the "safe" position. But remember that no mechanical safety is failsafe.

• Never carry firearms with an exposed hammer with the hammer cocked. In auto loading or hand repeating guns, do not chamber a round.

• Do not use your firearm for purposes other than those for which it was designed.

• Do not allow a firearm to be used by untrained individuals.

• When transporting your firearm in any vehicle, be sure it is unloaded and that the action is open.

• Never leave a gun, especially a loaded gun, unattended as someone, especially a child, could accidentally shoot it causing injury, death or property damage.



• Whenever firing any type of firearm, wear safety glasses to protect your eyes from sparks, lead fragments, black powder residues, pieces of caps or flints, pellet rebound etc., and ear protection for the loud report.

• In selecting a place to shoot, be sure the area has a safe backstop, is free from obstructions and water surfaces which cause ricochets, and is protected so that persons or animals cannot accidentally walk into the shooting field. Making sure there is a proper backstop, which will stop and contain bullets. A bullet can travel through or past your target for several kilometers. If you have any doubt, DO NOT SHOOT.

• When firing on a target range, follow the range officer’s commands to load, fire, and cease-fire and unload.

• Before anyone is allowed to move forward the firing position on a range, be sure all actions of firearms are open and unloaded, without cartridges or ammunition of any kind, as well as igniting caps, and that they are safely positioned.

• Never use alcoholic beverages or other drugs before or during shooting.

• If your firearms fail to function properly, do not try to fire it and do not force an action that is jammed.

• Beware of obstructions in the barrel. If, when firing, a weak or peculiar report is heard, cease firing, open the action, if possible, and unload the gun and inspect the barrel for an obstruction or for damage. Do not fire a gun with an obstructed or damaged barrel.

• If you are carrying a loaded gun in the field, never follow a companion.

• Never cross obstacles such as fences or streams with a loaded gun.

• Never run with a loaded gun.

• Do not smoke while handling, loading or shooting any ammunition, especially black powder. Keep black powder in a closed container at all times, closing again the container after each and every use.

• Never shoot the gun near an animal, as the animal could be startled and cause an accident.

• Never engage in "horseplay" while holding your gun.

• Make sure slide lock safety is applied while gun is cocked and ready to fire. Otherwise, the gun could accidentally discharge, causing injury, death, or property damage.

• Place the hammer rearward only when you are ready to shoot.

• Never place or permit the hammer to remain in the half-cock notch, as this is not a safe carrying position. You might end up accidentally perching the hammer on the lip of the half cock notch, which is extremely dangerous given the hammer in this condition could fall forward and discharge the gun, causing injury, death, or property damage.

• Always be aware of other people around you. Keep spectators or others to your rear. Keep hands and face clear and keep others clear of the ejection port as ejected spent cartridges can cause injury. To prevent burns or injury from the slide moving forward, make sure your hand and fingers do not touch or obstruct the ejection port.



• Make sure your gun is not loaded before cleaning, storing or traveling and the magazine is removed with slide-latched open before laying it down, and/or handing it to another person.

• Store your unloaded firearm and ammunitions separately and in places inaccessible to unauthorized persons and/or children.

• Do not encase your firearm in anything which will attract or hold moisture.

• The internal mechanism should be oiled after use and periodically during storage, with an acid-free lubricating oil, while the external mechanism plus frame and barrel should be coated with anti rust oil.

• Before using your gun, be sure to clean it and to check it for signs of wear or defects.

• If your firearm is to be used or stored in a cold climate, be sure to use oil, which will not freeze, at low temperatures.

• After use, the stock and wood parts must be cleaned with a soft woolen cloth and film covered with linen oil for wood.



1) Use Black Powder or equivalent propellant (Pyrodex) only to load your muzzle loading firearm.

WARNING: The use of smokeless powder, or a mixture of smokeless and Black Powder (duplex loads) or the wrong type or granulation of Black Powder or Pyrodex or overloading may cause serious injury and/or death to the shooter or bystanders and damage to property.

The reason for using a low yield powder such as Black Powder or equivalent propellant (Pyrodex) is quite basic and it is related to firearm design. When used as a propellant, Black Powder or Pyrodex generates a relatively low breech pressure. Muzzleloading firearms, even those with modern steel barrels, are not designed to withstand the high pressures produced by a Smokeless Powder charge.

People who become interested in muzzleloading tend to research and to seek out some of the early journals which describe loading implements, components and powders of yesterday. Reading these old books can be pleasurable. Never assume, however, that obsolete printed material has a safe application in today’s world.

All our guns have been regularly proof tested  as the mark stamped on each gun or pistol testifies.

Never use smokeless powder of any type or in any quantity in a muzzleloading firearm, and never mix powders.

Black powder producers in the world use different grains identification methods, following the metric system of each Country.

The following chart shows the type black powder that should be used with various types of guns and the granulation classification in  different countries following the adopted classification.




Black Powder

French Black Powder "Vectan"

Black Powder

U.S.A. Black Powder

Big caliber guns/small scale cannons




1f or fg

.45 caliber and larger caliber rifles




2f or ffg

Revolvers, pistols and rifles up to .45 caliber




3f or fffg

Pistols up to .31 caliber / flintlock gun pans




4f or ffffg